The Paper Chase - From Ice Cream Stands to Change of
Broadsheet and Tabloid
Newspapers capture the day to day rhythms of public life,
the significant and insignificant, the who - what - when and
where in simple text usually accompanied by photographs with
short captions. Their strength lies not in careful analysis
of an issue but rather in the simple reporting of the facts.
Writing styles vary greatly, evolve over time and reflect
what appeals to the buying public. They are the ideal device
for modern multi tasking, catching up on the news, drinking
morning coffee and helping paper train the puppy. You can
get a lot done with a fifty cent broad sheet.
For historians, newspapers are an wonderful tool. They
capture the start of a big story before anyone realized the
significance of some small event. They contain the thousand
tiny pieces, the names, places, events that make up the tone
and texture of what historians hope to collect and
understand. Only photographs and the clear headed
recollections of first hand event participants rival
newspapers in research value.
There are problems, however. Newspapers are inexpensive,
fragile and tend to hang around in ever growing stacks. This
makes them very disposable. Anyone who has ever missed a few
trips to the paper recycling center knows the volume of just
one month’s accumulation. Luckily, one of the first
commercial micro filming applications in the early 1950s was
applied to the back copies of US major daily papers and the
complete New York Times collection, reduced to film, fits in
a space slightly larger than a large walk - in closet. Even
most small American towns have their weekly paper indexed
and filmed at least back to the end of the 19th century. The
modern trend for newspaper files is digital and on demand.
The same volume of Times data reduced to digital format fits
in a server the size of a suitcase.
Collections of specialty newspapers, religious, fraternal or
trade union publications for example, have not faired as
well. Often printed in limited numbers in small scale shops,
the print runs never approached the sheer numbers that
seemed to guarantee that at least a few copies could be
finally located years after printing. Every now and then, in
a closet, in an attic, in grandpa’s old trunk, a few
yellowed copies of the Brooklyn Jewish World Daily, The
Woodsman’s Gazette or the Steel Worker Forward turn up, hit
E Bay and are reunited to some collection. The paper is
fragile, it does not age well. It yellows, it tears and
finally, it just falls apart but there is always hope that a
few more survivors will be found, scanned and live forever,
easily within reach of a Google search and a historian’s
The Blackhorse Newspaper, the monthly publication of the
11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, certainly dates back to the
Vietnam period of the unit, probably to Fort Meade and
perhaps as far back as the first rotation in Germany, on the
Czech border in the late 1950s. Sadly, there appears to be
no complete collection of all back issues.
In 1972, as the Regiment stood down, the Blackhorse ceased
publication in Vietnam. The re-flag of the 14th ACR later
that year marked the return of the 11th Armored Cavalry to
Germany and in 1975, the unit newspaper resumed publication.
The specifics of how the newspaper was revived are unclear,
however the key player was Sp 5 ( SGM Ret ) Larry Whitley,
Senior, a school trained Information and Publication
Specialist. He was assigned to the cavalry in March 1975, to
fill a newly authorized position on the R staff and soon had
the mission of transforming the Fulda Community newsletter
to a full scale unit newspaper. With the command support of
the several Blackhorse senior officers who recalled the
newspaper from Vietnam, Whitley went to work and by early
summer, Volume 1, Number 1 was ready to print.
In Germany, the Blackhorse was formatted in tabloid size, 12
by 24 inches and printed in Darmstadt at the Stars and
Strips facility. Initially consisting of a front page, left
and right interior page and back page, through the years,
the newspaper, like the Regiment, would certainly grow. By
1985, it was not uncommon for the paper to run to a full
sixteen pages filled with large photographs and well written
supporting articles. Color crept in, integrated into the
front page header with a bold red splash recalling the red
and white cavalry flash.
The early editions did not recognize writers, only articles
from outside of the Regiment attributed the source and many
times the focus was on activities in the Fulda Community. As
the newspaper evolved, efforts were made to insure that both
Hersfeld and Bad Kissingen received their share of coverage.
The names of both staff writers and single time contributors
almost always accompanied the later articles. Distributed
free of charge, Blackhorse was one of the many 7th Army unit
and community focused newspapers from that period. Troopers
may also recall “Old Ironsides“ - 1st Armor Division.
“Scout“ 8th Infantry Division and the “Crusader“, 3rd
Infantry Division. For a partial list of similar
publications see Walter Elkin’s great USAREUR web site, in
left margin scroll and select Unit Newspapers.
SSG Larry Whitley in
a 1978 photo that accompanied an article in the
Blackhorse recalling his major contributions in re-establishing the newspaper. He departed Fulda fr a CONUS assignment in February of that year.
The writing styles in
Blackhorse were to the point but not without some hint of
personality. Volume 1, Number 1 dated July 1975 notes that
Colonel John L. Ballantyne was the RCO, the Information
Officer was 1Lt Mark A. Hammer and the Editor was Spec 5
Larry Whitley, Sr. There were staff changes due to normal
personnel rotations and by 1978, Lt Bruce D. Jette was the
PAO with oversight responsibility and the temporary editor
was staff photographer and writer Sp 4 Lee A. Reeder. Later
that year, Sp 5 Lynford Burley, another Army trained
journalist - information specialist was assigned as editor.
The earliest regular Eaglehorse article contributor from
this period was
Lt Austin Bay.
Colonel (Ret) Jette Ph. D. offered this recollection.
“I had been a platoon leader with the 1st Squadron and about
the time when I could expect an XO position or secondary
staff job, Regiment sent out the requirement for an Lt from
each squadron to join the R - staff. I was selected and
watched as Lt Mike Herrederia from the Eaglehorse and an Lt
from the 3/11 went to the RS - 3 shop. Much to my horror, I
went to the RS - 1. Looking back, I learned a great deal in
the job but it certainly took some getting used to. I had
overall responsibility for the Blackhorse Newspaper, but
really, Larry Whitley and Lee Reeder had it under control.
They had writing skills, knew photography and apparently
learned the rest on the job. I spent a lot of my time
escorting and briefing VIPs visiting the border and
Regimental area plus learning every aspect of a new foreign
language, the V Corps - Regimental interface on military
Lee A. Reeder, who on two separate
assignments was involved with production of the Blackhorse,
recalled how his involvement with the newspaper began.
“Sometimes you make your own luck and sometimes, you just
get lucky. I had the very good fortune to be offered a
position with the Blackhorse Newspaper shortly after
arriving at Downs Barracks. It was a great thrill for a
nineteen year old trooper with some writing and photography
skills and it all started with my camera.
is my story “
The newspaper maintained a careful balance between
interesting information and operational security with the
level of factual military reporting held at about the level
that any on post German worker reporting back to the East,
could have easily observed. In the early years, there was no
discussion of military crime and punishment however, by the
early 1980s brief articles detailing significant law and
order topics were occasionally seen. As Regimental
commanders arrived and departed, some choose to add
Commander’s Comments, others did not. Cartoons, various
trooper forums and clip art segments were experimented with
as the paper tried to keep current, interesting and on top
of significant issues related to soldier and family life in
Mr. Neil Morrison at the Fort Irwin Museum, believes he has
much of the production run of Blackhorse from the Fulda
years. The copies, first held in the historical files of the
Regimental Public Affairs Officer (Germany) and then turned
over to the museum, have recently been inventoried and it
appears the museum has examples of over 90% of the Germany
The banner and a
composite of images as the Blackhorse Newspaper resumes printing in
Germany, July 1975. The task before us is to try and assemble the
entire collection on line. Mike McGehee gets us off to a great start
with most of the first three years.
Luckily, cavalry troopers being pack rats at heart, we
have Mike McGehee’s personal collection of the first three
years of publication of the Blackhorse at our immediate
disposal. We are missing only four issues and hopefully,
they will turn up in the Fort Irwin collection. Delbert
Richardson from the 2/11 and Lee Reeder agreed to help out
with scans and copies of Blackhorse from their collections
and Walter Elkins, with a huge archive of USAREUR newspapers
starting in the mid 1980s, has agreed to search for anything
still unaccounted for.
We have two goals for this research. At this web site, we
intended to post all articles and images directly related to
the Eaglehorse squadron and a brief outline of other
Regimental news as covered in each edition. With each site
update, we will try to add a new volume, roughly matching a
twelve month publication block. The second goal is to locate
and provide copies of those issues missing from the Fort
Irwin Museum collection. This will allow the home of the
Regiment to have a complete historical file of the unit
newspaper from the long, Cold War period.
Newspapers have a
habit of hanging around in the most unusual places. Geoff Walden
rescued this front page set of the Soviet Red Star paper from the
ruins of Barbara Kaserne in Meiningen earlier this year.
We ask that any troopers visiting the web site who saved
copies of the Blackhorse, from a single issue to a
significant collection, to contact us. Neither the
Regimental Museum or Walter Elkins web site is staffed or
funded to perform industrial volume scanning. We would
prefer to reconstitute our on line collection as much as
possible from individual troopers and then only ask for
outside support when we exhaust all other sources.
Please note that it is difficult to produce a high quality
scan from an old newsprint image.
We also are adding the image and article collection provided
by Erwin Ritter of German articles related to Daley Barracks
that was retained as either a clip file by the Saale Zeitung
or as part of the Partnership File at the BGS Headquarters
at Oerlenbach. We will post those photographs and a brief
translation of the caption or articles as appropriate in
each year folder. This will be an ongoing feature with
updates occurring over several months. Please be patient,
this project is more work than you might think.
German Images and Article Abstracts from the 1960s
Blackhorse Volume 1
Blackhorse Volume 2
Return to list
Vol 1 No 1
The premier issue of the Blackhorse newspaper in Germany
concentrated heavily on explaining the border observation
mission in general terms and recalling the history of the
Regiment in full page articles. Both articles were written from
the Fulda / 1st Squadron point of view. Inside page articles
included a “Commander’s Call“ probably written by but not
attributed to RCO Col John Ballantyne, two AFN sourced articles
detailing changes to AR 600-200, enlisted promotion procedures,
and a review of current MILPERCEN enlisted promotion criteria.
Articles of one or two paragraph length told of the 1/11 ARC
Dining Facility winning two consecutive Best Mess awards, the
change of command for 3/11 ACR, LTC Dice arrives, LTC Donald S.
Phil departs, a Pass in Review ceremony held at Downs Barracks
conducted entirely by NCOs followed by a Zoll dog display and
activities associated with 1/11 ACR Organizational Day and a
single day FTX of the 1/11 in the “border area“ that integrated
outside air support from the 295th Aviation Company and their
OH-54 (sic) “flying cranes“.
Other brief articles noted that Major John F. Votaw had assumed
command of the Regiment’s Command and Control Squadron and that
Major James B. Taylor had assumed the duties of the RXO. His
predecessor, LTC Ronald W. Zeltman (former commander of the
2/11) moved on to a stateside assignment.
The photo and headline from
the back page of the Blackhorse Newspaper, July 1975. There
was no coverage of the Eaglehorse in this first edition.
- US trooper observes East from OP Alpha
- Tower at OP alpha
- LTC Robert A. Hertz, Jr. Deputy Fulda Community Commander
presents award to First Sergeant Maxie Shipp for “Building of
- Sheridans and M113s lined up during 3/11 Change of Command.
- Image of LTC Dice receiving Guidon during 3/11 ACR Change of
- Photo of Major John Votaw
- Image of Zoll dogs and Zoll Officers during 1/11 ACR
- Image of 1/11 ACR M551 on FTX
- Image of WW 1 era US Cavalry Trooper
Return to list
Vol 1 No 2
- The Regimental Museum reopens at Downs
Barracks, Fulda. This was a project that LTC Zeltman had
undertaken prior to his departure and involved having the
accumulated effects of the museum shipped from Fort Knox to
Germany where they had been in storage following the Vietnam
years. The article detailed the hard work of several
troopers working after duty hours to remodel a building at
Downs Barracks to accommodate the collection.
- Ceremony marks the opening of an annex to
the Fulda American School at Downs Barracks.
- Awards ceremony at Downs Barracks
celebrating German - American Military bowling competitions.
- Lengthy article detailing selection of
two HOW 1/11 ACR junior enlisted troopers for attendance at
the United States Military Academy Prep School at Fort
- Article recalling two week training event
of the Air Troop Aero Rifle Platoon at Bad Toelz, hosted by
the Special Forces Detachment.
1/11 ACR units begin gunnery training at
Announcement of the Annual Regimental
Officer’s Ball to be held on 5 September in Fulda.
Awards Ceremony held for 1/11 ACR
C of C for 58th Engineer
Company at Fulda
Safe Driving Awards presented to Support
Platoon drivers of 1 / 11 ACR for logging 250, 000 accident
Formal Retreat Ceremony held at Downs to
honor departing V Corps Commander, LTG William R. Desobry.
Of note, “During the ceremonies, the Regimental award for
the Best Annual Training Test results was presented to
(representatives of) Troop E 2/11 ACR.“ .
- Awards Ceremony held at 3/11 ACR Bad
Members of Gemini 75 sing a
medley of popular songs as the 2nd Squadron troopers gaze
on. The show in the field was made possible through the
quick organization of CPT Erickson, S - 1. The group enjoyed
a field supper prepared by the squadron mess team after
their stage performance.
- Interior view of accumulated awards and
memorabilia at the opening of the Blackhorse Museum
- Detail of Battle Ribbon display
associated with the Regiment.
- Page 2
- Image of US troopers and BGS men after
receiving bowling completion awards.
- Image of CSM Clyde L. Temple as he
address troops during a retreat prior to moving to new
position with the 8th ID.
- Large image of troopers and CH - 54
- Image of RCO Ballantyne presenting Best
Mess Award to troopers of 1/11 ACR.
Eaglehorse in the News
The 2/11 ACR had its first significant
mention in the Blackhorse on page four; there was one lengthy
article and a brief note on another topic. Here is the text:
The Show Goes On: In the Field
On the morning of July 24, the 2nd
Squadron moved en masse to the field on alert. In addition, a
USO show had been scheduled for the 24th at the
Post Theater. Not to waste this chance for a morale - boosting
performance, it was decided the show would go on in the field.
The crew of “ Gemini 75 “, a musical group
from Western Kentucky State University, was all for it. The
six lovely and talented coeds, their drummer, guitarist, and
saxophone playing manager were rushed to the “ tactical band
site “ in the woods which was set up through quick
organization by CPT Mike Erickson, Squadron S1, and the
electronic expertise of Spec 5 Jerry McBride. The young ladies
were then issued their “ alert gear “ - fatigue shirts donated
by members of the Eaglehorse Squadron.
The strings, organ, amp and speakers were
warmed up, and the troops of the Squadron were brought in to
enjoy an extremely fine performance of popular music. Patti
Stanton, Vicki Clayton, Bobbie Battle, Liz Daugherty, Karen
Johnson and Susan Riherd opened the show by singing “ Up -
Tight. “ Patti then sang “ Jazz Man “, Karen sang a medley of
Blue Grass tunes, Bobbie sang “ Betsy”, and “ When will I be
Mike Fry, another member of the group sang “
Thunder and Lightening “ and “ Last Blues Song “ and Dave
Dorris, guitarist, sang “ Rock Around the Clock “.
After their performance, the members of the
Gemini ‘75 met with the men of the Eaglehorse over a first
rate supper prepared in the field by the Best Mess Team in V
Corps ( 1st Qrt, CY 75 ).
The singers from the Blue Grass state made a
lot of friends in the Squadron during this stop on their
USAREUR tour. The group then bade farewell to the Eaglehorse
troopers and headed for their next performance.
The troops moved back to their units
thankful for the unique contact with such a friendly group
from home and secure in the knowledge that when the Cav
decides to do something, it will be done, and in first class
SSG Millard L. Kellar, F Troop, died July 27
as a result of heart failure. Having served in the 2nd
Squadron for 5 years, he was admired for his dedication to his
work and his men. “ It is wrong to grieve that such men have
died, " said his CO, CPT Clinton J. Ancker, “rather we should
give thanks that such men have lived.” His comments reflect
the thoughts of all who knew him.
Return to list
Vol 1 No 3
- Blackhorse automotive
mechanics work in close cooperation with members of the 15th
Maintenance Company DS to keep equipment ready.
- Blackhorse Association,
based at Fort Knox maintains traditions of Regiment through
extensive veteran network. Article reports on the founding and
mission of the Association to include POCs at each Squadron.
Eaglehorse POC is SSG Terry Sperry.
- MILPERCEN sourced
article details first term reenlistment policies.
- Troops from 1/11, 3/11
and C & C Squadron participate in joint infantry training
events with Bundeswehr 51st Panzer Grenadier Battalion at
- C & C mess wins July
Best Mess award.
- USAREUR Housing Changes
and PCS Move regulations updated.
- Children’s Summer Camp,
Camp Blackhorse, is refurbished by Fulda troopers and opens.
- General George S.
Blanchard named new CINCUSAREUR.
- Fulda Pirates youth
baseball team wins V Corps Bantam “ B “ championship at
CPT James J. Steel H Co.
commander ( left ) and SSG Terry J. Sperry, tank commander H
Co were recently elected to the offices of secretary -
treasurer and president, respectively, of the Eaglehorse
Chapter of the Blackhorse Association.
Driving 258, 000 accident -
incident free miles in Germany is quite an accomplishment.
For this reason, members of the Eaglehorse Squadron’s
Support Platoon were presented with V Corps Certificates of
Achievement by LTC Lee Allen, 2nd Squadron Commander, during
a command formation. From left to right: ( front row ) Spec
4 Greg Boerke, PFC Robbin Anderson, Spec 4 Joseph Roper, and
Spec 4 Barry Christopherson. ( back row ) Spec 5 John
Willard, Spec 5 Edward Mills, Spec 4 Randall Peppard, Pv 2
Bobby Crawley and Spec 4 Leonard Spencer.
- Three images of
mechanics at work in motorshops of Downs Barracks
- Cavalry troopers
inspect BW Marder Infantry fighting Vehicle during Rotenburg
- Two additional images
of troopers engaged in joint infantry weapons training the
- RCO Ballantyne looks on
as Camp Blackhorse is opened for Fulda MILCOM children.
Eaglehorse in the News
The Eaglehorse received full coverage in this issue of the
newspaper. A great image of CPT Steel and SSG Sperry was used to
illustrate the Blackhorse Association article, three other
articles and a stand alone photo also focused on the 2/11 ACR.
2 - 11 Meeting Held
The Eaglehorse chapter of the Blackhorse Association held a
general membership meeting on July 31 to elect new officers and
select new members for the Executive council.
LTC Lee Allen, 2nd Squadron commander, was elected as the
honorary head of the chapter, SSG Terry J.Sperry, a tank
commander, was elected secretary treasurer.
The following members were appointed to the Executive Council:
CPT Clinton J. Ancker ( F Trp ), 1Sgt Donald M. Biggens ( HHT ),
SSG James Littau ( H Co ), and SP 4 Jimmy Bailey ( F Trp ).
The chapter is currently conducting a membership drive which,
during August, resulted in 12 new members.
According to SSG Sperry, “ We intend to portray the association
as an organization made up of troopers who are interested in
maintaining the camaraderie and spirit of the Blackhorse
Regiment. By stepping up the professional and social activities
of the chapter, we feel that we can make a contribution to the
squadron and at the same time increase our membership.”
Although the Chapter is largely made up of soldiers who served
with the Blackhorse in Vietnam, anyone who is presently assigned
to the Regiment is eligible to join.
The Blackhorse Association was formed to uphold the image and
traditions of the Regiment and to provide assistance, normally
in the form of scholarships, to families of deceased Blackhorse
Eaglehorse Treats Orphans
Members of the Eaglehorse Squadron treated their adopted
orphanage from the border village of Willmars to an afternoon of
food and games at the Daley Barracks recently.
Troopers of H Company hosted a group of 56 boys and girls
ranging in age from 5 to 14 during the fun filled afternoon.
CPT Frank Koleszar, Squadron S - 3 acted as the MC and
translator as the kids were treated to a feast of chicken, ribs,
hamburgers and hot dogs prepared on the grill by SFCs Rocco
Vitiello and Edward Colllier of the Squadron dining facility.
Afterwards, the kids played a variety of German games and joined
in songs with members of the squadron. A carnival was also on
post and the kids were treated to the various rids by the
On occasions such as Thanksgiving and Christmas, 2nd Squadron,
which has been involved with the orphanage about five years,
visits the children’s homes with gifts, presents and appropriate
skits for their enjoyment.
Frequently, the troop on border duty at Camp Wollbach will
sponsor a special tour for the kids.
The value of such activates involving German-American relations
is immeasurable as the kids climb aboard their bus with smiling
faces, clutching a Blackhorse patch or other souvenir given to
them by their American friends.
Tankers turn Infantry
Lt Austin Bay
It was high time for the tankers to come down from their iron
pedestals and learn to scout. So the tankers of H Co 2/11, got
their feet on the ground and participated in an increased
But who really wants to walk? Walking out to the border would
seem more like a work detail than a patrol.. However, this
problem was quickly resolved as 2-11 helicopters airlifted the
tankers - turned infantrymen to predetermined landing zones.
H Co’s 11 man patrol broke into its Alpha and Bravo teams after
landing and moved tactically to their respective observation
“We wanted to combine the surveillance mission with tactical
training, “ said Bravo team leader SSG Richard Waller.“ After
establishing our vantage points, we participated in a night map
reading exercise. It was good practice. Ability to read and use
a map are prerequisites to operations along the border.”
“The exercise gave tankers a chance to find out what an
infantryman’s mission is all about. Besides, a little foot
slogging never hurt anybody,” said SSG James Littau, Alpha team
leader, “ and they performed well.”
Return to list
Vol 1 No 4
- New V Corps Commander, LTG
Fair visits Blackhorse, is accompanied to WTA to view 3/11
ACR units by RCO Ballantyne.
- Blackhorse officers tour and train at
5th Panzer Grenadier Headquarters at Homberg.
- Article detailing new AR 340-21 and
Federal Privacy Act.
- September reenlistment goals met at
last minute by push from C & C Squadron; Regiment is noted
as having the highest reenlistment % for that month in V
- M Company, 3/11 ACR receives Best
Maintenance Award in V Corps, award is presented by LTG Fair
during visit to Hersfeld.
- Awards ceremony and formal retreat held
at Herfeld during visit of LTG Fair.
- Troopers from the 2/11 and 3/11 ACR
receive initial training on the Dragon anti-tank weapons
system at Wildflecken. Basic capabilities of weapon are
- Fulda Falcons, Junior Division baseball
team finish season with 19-4 record, win the V Corps
championship but finally lose against team from
Schwaebisch-Gemund, 8-5 in USAREUR Junior championship game.
Member of the 54th Combat
Engineer Battalion drives a road grader while an H Company
trooper studies road construction instructions during road -
clearing exercise in the Rehfrankenweg area of the town of
- Three images of LTG Fair as he observes
training at Wildflecken.
- Three images of German and US troopers
- Two images of LTG Fair at Bad Hersfeld
awards ceremony and retreat.
Image of Major Votaw, CO C & C
Squadron, congratulating SGT Lynn Jacobs on his
reenlistment; this helped push Regiment over the specified
- Image of Fulda Falcons youth baseball
Eaglehorse in the News
2/11 ACR Patches G/A Relations
In April 1975, H Company, 2/11 was conducting maneuvers in the
Unterfranken area when the third platoon, attempting to cross
thru the Rehfranken-Weg, behind the town of Haubstadt (( about
20 Ks E / NE of Bad Kissingen )), sunk a “ 52 ton monster “ in
the mud. Three other “ monsters “ of the third platoon also got
bogged down in the mud and slowly started to sink.
H Co commander, CPT James J. Steele, exhausted all alternatives
in attempting to recover the vehicles from the mud. Tree roots
entangled in the tracks of the monster caused the vehicle to
remain helpless. The local farmers and town residents of
Herbstadt, quickly learned of the misfortune that the GI s had
encountered in their woods. The German-American relations with
the population of Herbstadt seemed to be on the decline.
After an instructive session between the Germans and Americans,
the local farmers volunteered to assist in recovering the “
monster mudders “. Finally after five days of sawing, cutting
trees and clearing obstacles, H Co and their German friends were
able to recover the vehicles. The area left behind was badly
plowed and could no longer be used to drive vehicles through.
Reparations were promised the townspeople and on April 27, H Co
conducted a celebration for the younger generation of Herbstadt,
and an exhibition of weapons and equipment for the older ones,
ice cream and beverages topped off the occasion along with a
promise to return with graders and equipment to repair the
damaged area as soon as weather conditions would allow.
On September 17, men and equipment of the 54th Combat Engineer
Battalion from Wildflecken arrived in the Rehfranken-Weg of
Herbstadt along with H Co.
Tree stumps were removed and holes were filled in and a new road
was constructed. The residents of Herbstadt were very pleased.
The GIs had more than made up for the damages caused during the
Where before there had been two deep ridges taking random
directions and somewhat directing the way, there was now a
straight road allowing the farmers who work in the woods to
drive in two lanes, back and forth. Where there had been deep
holes caused by the tanks in the Spring while they were trying
to free themselves from the mud, there was now a smooth plain.
The population of Herbstadt showed their gratitude and
appreciation by hosting a celebration for the GIs and extended
an open invitation to the men of H Co and the 54th Combat
Engineers upon their departure from Herbstadt on September 19.
Return to list
Vol 1 No 5
Sp 4 Darrell R. Hill, a
trooper originally assigned to HHT Regiment, and then detailed
to the USAREUR wrestling team, has returned to Fulda and will
continue to be active in training soldier-wrestlers. Hill had
won several championships bouts to include V Corps
championship in his weight class.
1/11 ACR has changed
command, LTC Schurtz, departing commander is reassigned to a
position with V Corps, arriving commander is LTC David M.
Fulda Community AFRC
Director, 1Lt Bagnell, outlined various programs and
activities available to troopers.
- 2nd Finance Unit at
Fulda begins conversion from a Class B operation to a Class A
operation. This greatly increases their services.
Fulda based Boy Scout Troop 168 recently traveled to the
Darmstadt Community to participate in activities at Camp-O-Ree.
CPT Don Snedeker, RS 3 shop, is recognized for having an
article he authored published in Armor Magazine.
Recently appointed Secretary of the Army, Honorable Mr.
Hoffmann, visits Downs Barracks and tours 1/11 ACR border
Flag football season at Fulda has ended, basketball season
PFC Kenneth W. Ward, H Co is
shown entertaining the dependents of company personnel
during the unit’s open - house in conjunction with Family
Day at the 2nd Squadron border camp, Camp Wollbach.
Members of H Company and
their dependents help themselves to food from the Armored
Vehicle Launched Bridge ( AVLB ) during Family Day
activities hosted by H Company personnel at Camp Wollbach
Members of the Troop F
Regimental Champion softball team show off Regimental Trophy
for 1975 won when they defeated 1st Squadron, 1 - 0. LTG
Fair, V Corps Commander at center of photo.
Single image of flag football championship game at Fulda.
Eaglehorse in the News
H Co Holds Family Day
2nd Squadron recently opened its Camp Wollbach border camp to
dependent members of H Company during Family Day activities.
The day’s activities included food, beverages and games for the
children, along with close up inspections of the armored
vehicles which H Company employs.
CPT James J. Steel, H Company commander, hosted the events and
introduced to the crowd the newest members of H Company, several
Armored Vehicle Launched Bridges ( AVLBs)
Aside from their primary mission of supporting the 2nd Squadron
in river crossing, the bridges were also used as synchronization
ramps in preparation for Tank Gunnery. However in conjunction
with Family Day activities, the bridges showed another of their
diverse capabilities, serving as buffet tables for the grand
assortment of foods and beverages.
The day’s activities were enlightening for the dependants as
they were briefed first hand, concerning what their husbands and
fathers do while on border duty and could readily see why such
duty is required for the Eaglehorse troopers.
11th ACR Softball Champs, 1975
Troop F, 2nd Squadron overcame all opposition teams and captured
the 11th ACR Regimental Softball Championship for 1975.
Despite the handicap of serving a border tour during the season,
Troop F won the Eaglehorse Squadron tournament and began
training for the 11th ACR Softball championship.
After defeating Third Squadron and the Command and Control
Squadron, the championship pitted Troop F against the First
The hard fought softball game resulted in a three inning
overtime period before Fox scored and won the 1-0 decision over
First Squadron. LTG Robert L. Fair, V Corps Commander, presented
the Regimental Trophy for 1975 to Troop F during a visit to the
Second Squadron area. The following individuals comprised the
championship team: Clinton J. Ancker, catcher; Randal S. Hanes,
pitcher; Ricky D. Henson, left field; Richard K. Olds, second
base; George B. Todd, shortstop; Michael C. Hernandez, third
base; Jimmy L. Darby, center field; Jeffery Deshields, right
field; Ronald Miranda, utility man; Andre A. Williams, first
base; and Patrick G. Potter, manager.
Return to list
Vol 1 No 5.5
Gunnery Special Issue
The entire issue was devoted to recalling the recently
completed Level 1 Gunnery density at Graf. There was an overview
article and then full pages devoted to each of the three
M551 Sheridans of Fox Troop
seem to disappear in the fog on Range 82 during Tank Crew
Qualification at Grafenwoehr Training Area. The fog and
other weather conditions somewhat hampered TCQC but did not
prevent the Eaglehorse Squadron from qualifying 100% of
their Sheridan tank crews.
The crew of Echo 34 checked
out of Graf with a distinguished score of 2385 points after
tackling the Tank Crew Qualification Course on Range 82.
Members of the crew included ( from left ) driver PFC Pita
A. Faamulo, gunner CPL Gordon L. Reynolds, tank commander
CPT John B. Sylvester and loader PVT Cecil Dull. The crew
was recognized as the High M551 Crew in the 2nd Squadron.
Blackhorse troopers at
Crew of Delta 24, 1/11
ACR, stand in front of squadron gunnery sign. These troopers
scored high in USAREUR during TCQC.
Image of Range Tower at
2 views of Sheridans
3/11 ACR on ranges.
View of 3/11 ACR M60 A1
Small images of M551
and M113 during swimming exercise.
2 images of Blackhorse
commo platoon hard at work keeping the lines and frequencies
View of Camp Kasserine
- Tracer fire streaks
down range at Range 80.
Eaglehorse in the News
Eaglehorse Claims Range 82
Eaglehorse Squadron continued the Blackhorse Regiment’s fine
showing during the Tank Crew Qualification Course at Grafenwoehr
Training Area finishing with 100 percent crew qualification.
Fox 15 posted the best score of the 18 qualifying crews in Fox
Troop with a distinguished score of 2225. The crew of F 15
included PSG Oscar M. Stiggers, the tank commander, with gunner
PVT Vincent Nebbia, driver PFC Jummy Walker and loader PFC
Second Platoon, Fox Troop also earned the distinction of tying
3rd Platoon, Golf Troop for the High Cavalry Platoon Award in
the 2nd Squadron. Echo Troop had one Sheridan crew qualify as
distinguished , all 18 of its crews scored enough points to
qualify. Scoring distinguished was Echo 23 which managed to
garner 2385 points. Commanded by CPT John B. Sylvester, who is
also the Troop Commander, E 34s crew included gunner CPL Gordon
L. Reynolds, driver PFC Pita A. Faamuli and loader PVT Cecil
The 18 crews of Golf Troop continued 2nd Squadron’s TCQC run on
Range 82 as all qualified, led by Golf 33 with a score of 2135
points. SGT Edward E. Hickman was the TC of G 33 and gunner PFC
Junior Harris, driver PFC Albert O. Ware and loader PVT Eugene
C. McNeil, Jr. completed the crew.
Hotel Company had one distinguished qualifier out of its 17
M60A1 tank crews during their period on Range 82 while all other
tank crews qualified. H 66 with tank commander CPT James J.
Steel and his crew of gunner SGT William L. Lisby, loader PVT
William M. Parker and driver Sp 4 Kyle W. Hutchenson, posted a
score of 2650 for the course.
With the completion of the Squadron’s run on the TCQC, the
Blackhorse Regiment remained at the 100 percent qualified level
with one squadron remaining to be tested.
2/11 Crews Earn Awards for Gunnery Scores
Tank Crew Qualification during 2nd Squadron’s stay at
Grafenwoehr brought various awards to individuals and crews of
A tie in the determination of the High Cavalry Platoon occurred
within the Eaglehorse Squadron between 2nd Platoon, F Troop and
3rd Platoon, G Troop.
2Lt Frank P. Shray, platoon leader of 3rd Platoon G Troop
stated, “ the reason for our fine showing as a platoon in Graf
was because of the excellent pre Graf training program that our
platoon sergeant, SFC Mitchell Skolnekovich, put the platoon
“Another factor in our qualification scores,“ added the
lieutenant, " was the fact that a couple of our gunners had
attended the Vilseck tank gunners course prior to our going to
2nd Platoon Fox Troop was led by 2 Lt Anthony D. Marley,
assisted by PSG Falo Piumalu, Jr.
The crew of Echo 34 was designated as the High M551 Crew in 2nd
Squadron with a distinguished score of 2385, while Hotel 66 was
the high M60A1 Tank Crew for Eaglehorse with a 2650 score.
High Tank Platoon in Eaglehorse was determined to be 2nd Platoon
led by 1Lt Daniel H. Fleming.
Return to list
Vol 1 No 6
Lengthy article recalls
the history and current mission of C-1-1 ADA (Hawk) stationed
3/11 ACR changes in
processing plan at Hersfeld to streamline process.
Select 3/11 troopers
enjoy Christmas holiday with German families at Hersfeld.
- Front page article
recalled that 1976 marks the Bicentennial Anniversary of the
nation and the proud history of the US Army. Article then
detailed the career of CPT Harold A. Fitz, the current
Regimental PAO in Fulda and winner of the Medal Of Honor for
his heroism in Vietnam while a Platoon Leader with Troop A
C & C Squadron wins
Dining Facility award.
11th ACR wins
re-enlistment quota award, General Blanchard visits Fulda,
tours border and presents award.
HOW 3/11 ACR conducts
partnership training with German units at Rotenburg Kaserne
featuring firing infantry weapons on ranges.
- HOW 1/11 ACR announces
partnership training plan with German 3/355 artillery
battalion stationed at Wildflecken Barracks.
NCOs and troopers of the
Eaglehorse pass in review during the awards and salute
ceremony held in honor of the late SFC Kellar at Daley
Barracks in Bad Kissingen.
Former V Corps Commander,
LTG Fair pins the Army’s Meritorious Service Medal on the
late SFC Kellar’s son, David, during the awards and salute
ceremony conducted by the NCOs of the 2nd Squadron. Sp 4
Mordecai Baldwin ( holding citation ) and CSM Clarence
McCain, Eaglehorse Squadron’s top NCO look on.
Howitzer Battery, 2nd
Squadron was recently awarded the Regimental Best Battery
Award for 1975 upon completion of a Tactical Proficiency
Inspection ( TPI ) conducted by Regimental Headquarters in
December. 2nd How, commanded by CPT Fred Sherrer, won the
award over 1st Squadron Howitzer Battery and 3rd How Battery
in the annual test. In photo above, the 105mm ( sic ) self -
propelled Howitzers and Gamma Goats of the 2nd How move out
during the TPI in the 2nd Squadron maneuver area near Daley
Barracks in Bad Kissingen.
- Image of General George
- Image of CPT Fritz.
Image of 3/11 ACR
troopers firing M16 rifles with Germans at Rotenburg.
- Two images of HOW 1/11
ACR during reception at Wildflecken as partnership arrangement
Two images of joint
small arms training with Germans at Rotenburg Kaserne.
- General Blanchard
re-enlisted Sp 4 Moy during visit to Op Alpha.
- 3 images of C -1-1 HAWK
site to include motor pool and missile battery line.
Eaglehorse in the News
The 2/11 ACR shared the front page with 2
images and an article that recalled the visit of LTG Fair to
Daley Barracks during a formation held in honor of the recently
deceased SFC Kellar. A third image with caption noted that HOW
2/11 ACR received the highest rating in the Regiment at its
recent TPI at Grafenwoehr.
Salute Conducted at 2nd
The non-commissioned officers of the 2nd Squadron
formally acknowledged the loss of an excellent NCO and good
friend, the late SFC Millard L. Kellar, by conducting a salute
and awards ceremony recently in his honor at Daley Barracks.
The late SFC Kellar’s son, David, accepted the Army’s
Meritorious Service Medal for his father during the salute
ceremony. The MSM was presented by LTG Robert L. Fair, former V
The late F Troop motor sergeant, who performed that function for
over four years and also was service with the Blackhorse
Regiment in Vietnam, was also promoted to sergeant first class
posthumously during the NCO salute. Nashville, Tn was called
home by the late motor sergeant, who had also doubled as the
platoon sergeant for headquarters platoon of Troop F.
SFC Kellar expired in late July after participating in physical
training with his troop.
Mrs. Sophie Kellar, widow of the late sergeant, observed the
memorial salute as the officers, NCOs and troopers of the
Eaglehorse Squadron paid homage to their departed colleague.
Return to list
Vol 1 No 7
PFC Theresa L. Gunther,
15th Maintenance Co DS at Fulda named 3rd Support Command
Soldier of the Quarter. Of particular note, she had OJT ‘ d
into her current MOS of Combat Electronics Repairman.
M Company 3/11 ACR
travels to Bundeswehr armor training center at Sontra for
joint training. Troopers were particularly impressed with the
Leopard 1 tanks they encountered.
- Lengthy article on
Fulda MILCOM Equal Opportunity Officer and staff.
HHT 1/11 trooper
receives near perfect score on M551 Turret Mechanic Course at
Vilseck. PFC Wagley was OJT to new MOS.
HHT 3/11 ACR receives
award for Best Dayroom in Regiment.
3/11 ACR conducts
Awards Ceremony based on Graf.
- RCO visits 1/11 ACR for
Awards Ceremony celebrating tank gunnery at Graf.
Red Square at night. ( The
original b & w image accompanying the article was too dark
to produce a useable scan. This is a modern, color image of
the scene that accompanied the article.)
- Five images of Fulda
Equal Opportunity staff at work.
- Image of PFC Gunther
receiving Soldier of Quarter Award from 3rd SUPCOM Cdr, MG
Image of Awards
Ceremony at Hersfeld.
- Two images related to
HHT 3/11 day room.
Image of 1/11 ACR
Awards Ceremony featuring RCO Ballantyne and SCO Maddox.
Two images of troopers
of Air Cav Troop-they play hard-they work hard.
- Image of Leopard 1 tank
at Sontra Training Area.
Eaglehorse in the News
Lt Austin Bay contributed two lengthy articles detailing the
visit of Eaglehorse troopers to Moscow and the high score of H
company tankers at recent training evaluation event.
2/11 Troopers Visit Moscow
In Leningrad the airplane broke down. But neither wind nor snow
nor - 25 degree centigrade weather deterred either Aeroflot or
2nd Squadron’s CPT Michael Erickson, SP 4 Stephen Parker and SP
4 Frank Miculka. The Russian state airline packed then off on a
No, the intrepid threesome hadn’t inadvertently crossed the
border. It was just part of an unusual way to take some
Christmas leave. The train ride turned out to be one of those
rare experiences your can’t plan for, much less pay for.“ There
were two Russian officers and an enlisted man in our
compartment, “ Sp 4 Miculka, a wheel mechanic in H Co said. “The
private was from their hometown and he was getting out of the
Army and they had all decided to throw him a party. Suddenly, we
The comradeship ( so to speak ) was quite an experience. As Sp 4
Parker, a track vehicle mechanic in H Co put it, “We were all
drinking cognac and having a great time.”
The trip began with the usual formalities of customs and
clearances. In Leningrad, the visit included a tour of the
Winter Palace, formerly a residence of the Czar, and now an art
museum. “ The sights of Leningrad and the warm welcome of the
people and children were great, “ Parker explained. “we all
liked the Peter and Paul Fortress ( built by Peter the Great ),
but the best of all we saw were the children having a fine time
trading souvenirs for our gum and chocolate. That was great.“
Everyone agreed the train trip to Moscow was more than worth it.
“Red Square was one of the finest sights I saw,“ Parker stated.
The itinerary included trips to St. Basil’s Russian Orthodox
Cathedral ( now a museum ), the Kremlin, the Lenin Central
Sports Stadium and the Moscow city swimming pool - still in use
at - 22 degrees centigrade. Some of the tourists saw the Bolshoi
ballet perform Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake.
On Christmas Eve, all three Eaglehorse troopers went for a walk
through Red Square and rang in Christmas by watching the
changing of the guard at Lenin’s tomb. It wasn’t Santa Claus
dropping through a chimney, but all three agreed it was
“On Christmas Day we all got to go on a sleigh ride,“ Parker
continued. “ Russians don’t celebrate Christmas as we do in
America, but they do have a visit from Saint Frost. Decorations
were up everywhere.
All of the troopers were more than ready for a return trip. “ I
hope to do it again, “ Parker stated, “but if you go, don’t
forget to bring along plenty of gum for the children. They’re
the best sight of all.”
H Co First in Regiment
Tired, dirty but nevertheless successful, Hotel Co, 2nd
Squadron’s tank outfit, returned from two weeks of field
exercises at Hohenfels Training Area with the highest test
scores among the 11th ACR’s three tank companies.
The two-phased troop tests (ARTEPs) featured a force on force
confrontation pitting Delta, Hotel and Mike Co against each
other in a round robin war game of attack and delay. But if Mike
and Delta tankers think like H Co tankers, the real enemy was
the weather and the mud.
“We stuck a lot of tanks and threw a lot of tracks, “ H Co
Commander, CPT James J Steele recalls. “ During the last part of
Phase 1, my tank threw its right track to the inside, which is
bad enough by itself. However, at the time we were attacking
through a small pond in the middle of a tree farm. My tank and
my first platoon leader’s tank, which also threw a track were
stuck for three days. We got out just in time for Phase 2.”
Both of the phases included an attack, delay, preparation of a
defensive position, occupation and security of an assembly area
and a buttoned up (except for the tank commander for safety
purposes) nuclear exploitation. Said Sp 4 Jerry Fegler,“ driving
buttoned up really wasn’t so bad because the hatch keeps the mud
and snow out. I really got bathed a couple of times,”
Squadron support was very visible also during the training
tests. As the tanks would go down, the two M88 crews ( one
attached from squadron maintenance ) went out to bring them out
of the field and get them going again. And it was cold. “We were
lucky we didn’t have any frostbite casualties, “ said Sp 5
George LeBlanc, a medic from HHT.“ It got cold enough to do some
real damage, but everybody seemed to know how to take care of
themselves. “ The medics held several refresher classes on cold
weather survival during the period.
An ARTEP is designed to evaluate a unit’s proficiency and if you
happen to be a tanker that boils down to three fundamentals: You
must shoot, move and communicate. Though at times navigation
proved to be a problem ( “Who can read a map when the wind and
snow makes all the terrain look the same!“ one unidentified and
very lost tank commander was heard to say ) H Co proved to be
very capable at maneuver and did well in using indirect
“We did a lot of maneuvering “ said SSG Paul Lavergne, TC in the
company’s Bridge Section.” Normally when we are moving around
between BK and the border and while we’re out on alerts, we’re
stuck on the roads. At Hohenfels, we really got to use our
vehicles by doing what they’re designed to do. We went and made
our own way. Right through a large sampling of good, Bavarian
Return to list
Vol 1 No 10
- 3/4s of the issue was
devoted to the Regimental Organizational Day held at Fulda.
Mentioned for their significant performances were Lt Frank P.
Shray, G Troop, SGT Robert B. Harder, H Company and the
mortarmen for Troop E. Overall, the Eaglehorse squadron
finished in third place.
- Two troopers from B
Troop completed a 1000 K bike ride to Zurich and back.
Troopers from the Troop
K, 3/11 ACR competed training at Bad Toelz.
Troopers from 3/11
completed live fire training with the Dragon at WTA.
- 1/11 ACR mortar crews
completed a live fire event at WTA, Safe Drivers of the
Quarter received recognition and the ARCOM was awarded to a C
Image of the bike trip
Two images of Dragon
related training at WTA.
- Nine photos related to
Organizational Day at Fulda.
Eaglehorse in the News
There were no articles or images related to the squadron in this
edition beyond the brief mentions of troopers in the
Organizational Day article.
Return to list
Vol 1 No 11
LTC Taylor and LTC
Votaw, respectively RXO and CO of Command and Control Squadron
are promoted to present grade in joint ceremony.
LTC Hertz, Fulda
Community Deputy Commander retires after 26 years of active
- Lengthy article details
that USAREUR names the 5th Panzer Grenadier Brigade in Homberg
as the official Bundeswehr partnership unit of the Blackhorse.
RCO Ballantyne and SCO Maddox hosted visiting German officers
and social and joint training opportunities were planned.
Awards Ceremony at
Hersfeld honors top 3/11 performers.
Major Steven Dodge
assumes command of Combat Support Troop, Command and Control
Members of 2nd Finance
unit attend local Volksmarsch and urge fellow troopers to join
them in future Freundshaft trips.
Cobra crews complete
training course at Vilseck.
- 3/11 ACR trooper scores
target hit with Red Eye missile at GTA.
An Eaglehorse trooper salutes
during the flag - raising portion of the Memorial Day
services at Camp Lee. Many members of the surrounding towns
in the border area attended the 2nd Squadron memorialization
Mrs. Eichelberger is
escorted by LTC Allen, left and COL Ballantyne, after
unveiling the border camp sign at the entrance the troop -
RCO Ballantyne and LTC
Hetz at retirement ceremony.
Major Dodge receives
unit guidon from LTC Votaw.
LTC Votaw and LTC
Taylor at their promotion ceremony.
Officers of C & C
Squadron assist the mess line on Commander’s Day.
- Two images of
Bundeswehr soldiers inspecting 1/11 ACR M60 A1 tank and a
Eaglehorse in the News
Border Camp Renamed for Fallen 2nd Sqdn. Lt.
On a dreary and overcast day, sprinkled with showers, troopers
of the Eaglehorse Squadron gathered at their border camp to
memorialize one of their fallen leaders.
The 2nd Squadron border camp, between the border towns of
Wollbach and Neustreu was officially renamed “Camp Phillip L.
Lee“ during the Memorial Day services.
Gen. George S. Blanchard, USAREUR Commander in Chief, told the
unit by letter that “ … the renaming of Camp Wollbach in memory
of Lt. Lee will provide recognition to this exemplary young
officer’s service and sacrifice. It will also serve as an
inspiration to personnel of the 11th ACR who conduct daily
missions along the Communist frontier in Western Europe.”
Lee died June 17, 1971, of wounds received in Vietnam with Troop
F, 2nd Squadron of the 11th ACR. On April 17, 1971, Troop F was
conducting a reconnaissance along the southern edge of the Boi
Loi Woods. Two unidentified persons were seen, and Lee’s 2nd
Platoon was directed to investigate. As the platoon moved to the
area of the sighting, the enemy opened fire. One of the
platoon’s Sheridan vehicles began to burn. Lee began to maneuver
his vehicle. As he did so, Lee’s vehicle became the target of
enemy fire, which fatally wounded him.
Mrs. Lilley Eichelberger, Lee’s mother, flew to Germany from her
home in Lake City, Florida, where she works in veteran’s
hospitals. Eichelberger is a veteran of World War II, where she
served with the Woman’s Auxiliary Corps as an air traffic
controller. She has devoted her life to assisting in veteran’s
hospitals and aiding veteran’s activities. She is a member of
the Disabled American Veterans Association and has actively
participated in many of the association’s functions.
She and her present husband have adopted a Navy Lieutenant who
was seriously wounded during Vietnam action. The lieutenant,
Jack Oberdorf, was in the same hospital ward and room with Lee
and the two Lieutenants became close friends before Lee’s death.
She later adopted Oberdorf, who is 100 % disabled.
Eichelberger, with the assistance of Col. John L. Ballantyne,
III, 11th ACR commander and LTC Lee Allen, 2nd Squadron
commander, unveiled the sign at the entrance of the camp
honoring the lieutenant. A 21 gun salute was provided by a
battery from the 3rd Armored Division and the 3rd Infantry
Division band provided music at the ceremony.
An outdoor barbeque and a border tour of the Eaglehorse Squadron
area followed the formal ceremonies.
2-11 Command to Gilbreath
Lieutenant Colonel John C. Gilbreath is the new commander of the
2nd Squadron, 11th ACR, located at Daley Barracks in Bad
During change of command ceremonies held at Daley Barracks on
June 11, LTC Gilbreath assumed command of the Eagle Horse
squadron from the outgoing commander, LTC Lee Allen.
The New Mexico native, who now calls Texas home, is not exactly
new to the Blackhorse Regiment, having served a tour in Vietnam
as a troop commander with the 2nd Squadron.
The Armor colonel and his wife, Yvette, have a 14 year old son,
Eric, and come to the Regiment from an assignment with the
faculty at the US Military Academy at West Point.
LTC Gilbreath has a Bachelor of Science degree from the
University of Miami and a Master of Science degree from the
University of California, and is a veteran of 14 years active
military service. Among his numerous awards are the Silver Star
(2 awards); Distinguished Flying Cross (3 awards); Bronze Star
(3 awards); Meritorious Service Medal, Air Medal (22 awards) and
the Army Commendation Medal (2 awards).
Return to list
Vol. 2 No. 1
- Front page article recalled the weekend celebration
starting on 2 July at Down Barracks in conjunction with the
200th Birthday of the United States. Among the
activities were a joint US and Bundeswehr torch light parade,
picnic - barbeque hosted by the 1/11 ACR Mess, and a musical
program, “American Odyssey and Music 76“ featuring the 3rd
Armor Division Ceremonial Salute Battery and Band.
- RCO Ballantyne presented awards to troopers at Hersfeld to
include the MSM to Major Kremer, SXO, and Doctor Major
Georgitis, Regimental Surgeon. On behalf of the 3rd
Squadron, CSM Odenbaugh received the Regimental Award for
squadron high scores during Blackhorse Organizational Day in
- Troopers of 1/11 ACR HHT were noted for assuming the
border observation mission at Op Alpha. Fast paced training
requirements required the “cooks and medics“ to step forward
at the border and they did a superior job under Lt James
Hairston, Troop XO.
- An article discussed the Quarterly Review of Military
Compensation currently underway in the Army.
- 3/11 ACR rolled out a new border orientation program for
newly assigned personnel that featured a tour of the squadron
border area and tour of the Zoll Museum at Philippstal.
- A group of sixteen individuals led by Ambassador
John E. Reinhardt, Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau of
Public Affairs, toured the 1/11 ACR border area and camp. RCO
Ballantyne briefed the group that is NATO on a fact finding
- Three images of bicentennial festivities at Downs
- Image of RCO Ballantyne presenting Best Mess Award to SFC
Bobby Starr, 1/11 ACR, for 2nd Quarter 1976.
- Image of RCO presenting awards at Hersfeld ceremony.
- Two images of HHT personnel 1 /11 ACR performing border
observation mission at OP Alpha.
Eaglehorse in the News
Nijmegen International Marches: First - time participation
for Blackhorse Regt.
Participation in the Nihmegen International Marches can be a
very tiring, but rewarding experience as members of the two 11th
ACR teams found out.
Both teams, one from Troop F, 2nd Squadron and the
other from Howitzer Battery, 3rd Squadron, competed
the four day Marches with any major injuries.
Approximately 200 international teams were entered in the
Marches which covered about 100 miles in four days. Forty - six
American teams participated in the grueling Nijmegen Marches.
Second Lieutenant Anthony D. Marley, platoon leader of the 2nd
platoon, Troop F, was the OIC of the 2nd Squadron
squad, while SGT Joseph Thomas of 3rd Howitzer
Battery was the team leader of the 3rd Squadron
The teams which participated in the Marches were lodged at
Camp Heumensoord, about a 30 minute walk from downtown Nijmegen.
They slept in GP medium tents on cots and sleeping bags during
their stay in Nijmegen.
Over 17, 000 marchers participated in the final day
activities which included marching in review before high ranking
military and civilian officials from various NATO member nations
and some 300, 000 spectators from all over Europe.
According to 2nd Lt Marley, “The atmosphere
prevalent in Nijmegen was very much like that which is apparent
in New Orleans during Mardi Gras. There’s lots of dancing and
singing and everyone has a good time.
“The marches provide an opportunity for American troops to
interact with their European allies, gather information about
different military units, and exchange mementos of the occasion.
I was most favorably impressed by the organization of the
Marches and the experiences gained from being an active
Members of the Troop F squad who participated in the Marches
besides the Lieutenant included: SSG Michael R. Santos, SGT
Fredrick W. Wood, SGT William T. Gates, CPL Maurice P. Karmen,
Sp 4 ’ s Mark S. Sager and Robert F. Mark and PFC’s Glen A.
Greenwade, Estevan Garcia, Robert Barrios, James A. Hill, Larry
L. Hatchel, Douglas G. Jett and Gary M. Granger. The 3rd
Squadron contingent besides SGT Thomas included: SGT’s Craig Lee
and Richard Malden,Sp 4 Maquester Harris, PFC’s Hock C. Hwan,
James L. Tyson, Saw S. Shio, Carl Clemons, Joe S. Cordova,
Thomas Walker and Issac Belton, and PVT’s George Krause, Kelly
Shain, Harry Davis and John C. Gantt.
Stated Lieutenant Marley, “I am definitely going back next
year, either as a team leader or as an individual. Even if I
have to use annual leave time, I’ll be there because of the
rewarding experiences of my first Nijmegen.“
Cadets train at 2nd Squadron
By Robert Quimby
The 2nd Squadron is host to four West Point Cadets
who have arrived in Germany for a month of training in one of
the US Army Europe’s most combat ready units.
The program under which the four cadets were assigned to the
2nd Squadron is called Cadet Troop Leader Training (
CTLT) by the Military Academy at West Point and according to 1LT
Ernest Chachere, the Eaglehorse Squadron’s CTCL project officer,
that’s exactly what the cadets are getting.
The primary objective of the program is to provide the cadets
with a realistic leadership experience while assigned to units
of the active Army and performing those duties normally given
newly assigned second lieutenants.
West Point senior Charles Harris and juniors Gerald Pina, Jim
Jogerst and William Taylor, jumped into the demanding roles of
Armored Cavalry platoon leaders and are turning out superior
results, according to Chachere. He explained, “They’ve been
tasked with managing 20 to 40 men and a million dollars worth of
equipment. Their performance is great. I’m impressed by their
common sense and guts. They’ll get out and work hard with their
crews and pick the brains of their experienced NCOs.”
As Cadet Taylor from Los Angles admitted, “This is our first
real chance to work with enlisted men in a line combat unit.
It’s different from working with just my classmates and I’m
making the most of the experience.“
Senior Chuck Harris, from Monroe, LA., finds that experience
is helpful both ways. “The men ask a lot of serious questions
about the Academy, life as a cadet and officer, and about me
personal interests. I know that we all profit and learn from
working together. They are superior - quality troops, proud of
their accomplishments and capable of first rate performance.“
The 2nd Squadron is running border surveillance
operations, undergoing a MET inspection, preparing for annual
gunnery tests and training jointly with German and French Army
units. Also, the squadron has been running a round -the - clock
relief effort to bring water to six towns along the border who
have been suffering the worst drought in that area in 240 years.
The combination of all these things help give the visiting
cadets a high sense of purpose and they’ve actively risen to the
The cadets gain first hand knowledge of duties,
responsibilities and living conditions in a line combat unit.
The CTLT objective is probably nowhere better accomplished than
by giving the cadets operational border surveillance missions.
Cadet Jerry Pina spent the majority of his four week tour in the
squadron’s border sector. He actively sought responsibilities
and contributed to the unit’s accomplishment of its mission,
according to CPT Craig R. Lind, G Troop commander. CPT Lind
explained, “They’re aggressive and can handle the many complex
jobs of a platoon leader.“
Some of those jobs include preparing and training Sheridan
crews for gunnery qualification, training mortar sections and
infantry squads in their missions and instructing their men in a
wide range of military topics. In performing the duty of platoon
leader, the individual must stay constantly informed and abreast
of all requirements and be able to adapt quickly to fast
changing situations. The platoon leader must constantly direct
his efforts and those of his platoon toward the accomplishment
of the mission and still be responsive to the needs of his men.
A tour with the Blackhorse regiment on the East West German
border provides the cadets with the ultimate in getting it all
together. Myriad responsibilities keep the cadets going long
hours under difficult conditions which demand high professional
Leading tracked armored vehicles across the countryside
provide a novel experience for the cadets. They participated in
a readiness alert which involved an all night march, culminating
in a simulated attack the next morning. The cadets rated this
alert exercise as one of their most valuable learning
experiences. “You get to see the end result of all your hard
work and training. When everything clicks just right it’s a
great feeling of accomplishment,“ said Cadet Taylor, after
leading his platoon through the attack.
Cadet Taylor had prior enlisted service in the US Navy before
making the transition to Army Armor. Incidentally, Taylor
retains his sea legs as all of his tracks have amphibious
The cadets and the squadron both reap benefits from the CLLT
program as the cadets pull their load, gaining valuable
experience and presenting new ideas to the training concept at 2nd
Scholarships: Blackhorse Association provides educational aid
( A lengthy article recalled the annual meeting of the
Blackhorse Association at Fort Knox in May 1976. RCO Ballantyne
attended, briefed the attendees on the current state of the
Regiment and accepted scholarship funds to be dispersed in
Germany. Selected excerpts from the article appear below. )
Major General John W. McEnery, US Army Armor Center and Fort
Knox post commander asked COL Ballantyne to join him for the
presentation of the special $1, 000 Blackhorse Scholarship. The
scholarship was presented to Col Ballantyne for presentation to
David Kellar, son of the late SFC Millard L. Keller, who died
while serving with Troop F, 2nd Squadron in July
1975. David and his mother, Mrs. Sophie Kellar, reside in the
Bad Kissingen area and were unable to attend the Reunion. The
Blackhorse Scholarship will be presented to David during a
command formation at Daley Barracks in Bad Kissingen on August
Local chapter Activities
Staff Sergeant Terry J. Sperry, president of the Eaglehorse
chapter, explained, “our chapter in Bad Kissingen has 28 new
members on its rolls. However, because of our heavy training
calendar, we haven’t been as active in the community as in the
past. A general membership meeting will be held during the month
Cadet Jogerst points out East German
border barrier systems while briefing his platoon on the border
trace near Eussenhausen in the 2nd Squadron area.
Return to list
Vol. 2 No. 2
- Command and Control Squadron in Fulda announced a
partnership training program with members of the Bundeswehr
Reserve units stationed in Fulda. LTC John F. Votaw and MAJ
(P) Nicholas P. Vamvakias, CO and XO of the squadron, noted
that the joint training would enhance readiness and
camaraderie in their unit which consists of the Anti - Armor
Helicopter Troop, the aviation combat Support Troop, HHT
Regiment and the 58th Combat Engineer Company.
- An article detailed the many varied duties of the V
Corps Staff Judge Advocate office in Fulda. Skilled
professional troopers are hard at work insuring fair and
impartial treatment of all parties involved with Army
judicial proceedings and as well as providing legal support
- An article detailed the Army’s acknowledgement of
troopers with Hispanic heritage; Hispanic Week is scheduled
for early September with events planned for the Dining
Facilities, Chapels and Club systems in Fulda.
- A proposed major reorganization of the Army’s division
structure was detailed. Among the areas being studied,
reducing the number of tanks per battalion to 36, increasing
the number of artillery tubes in DIVARTY, increasing the
number of heavy and medium lift helicopters per division and
removing mortars from infantry companies.
- Army chief of Staff General Creighton W. Abrams has
announced a major review of the Enlisted Professional
- RCO Ballantyne presented awards at a ceremony.
- Four images of C and C Squadron troopers conducting
joint training with Bundeswehr Reserve unit soldiers.
- Three images of JAG Office personnel at work supporting
the Regiment and Fulda community.
- Image of RCO Ballantyne presenting Partnership Scroll to
commander of the Bundeswehr 5th Panzer Grenadier
- Image of RCO Ballantyne presenting US Armor Association
Mershon Award saber to LT Walter R. Bowers, Troop B.
Eaglehorse in the News
Visit brings gift at 2/11
A nine year old boy, wide eyed with wonderment, visited the
headquarters of the 2nd Squadron on August 16 where
he received a special educational gift from the 11th
ACR’s Blackhorse Association.
David Kellar was no stranger to Daley Barracks in Bad
Kissingen, however. His father, the late SFC Millard L. Kellar,
had served as Troop F’s motor sergeant for over four years
before his death in July 1975. The late SFC Kellar, who died
after participating in physical training with his troop had
also seen combat service with the Blackhorse in Vietnam.
Before the ceremony, which was held in the conference room
of 2nd squadron, Colonel John L. Ballentyne, III,
11th ACR commander and LTC John C. Gilbreath, 2nd
Squadron commander, greeted David and his mother, Mrs. Sophie
Kellar, upon their arrival at Daley Barracks. Colonel
Ballantyne, representing Major General John W. McEnery,
commander of the US Army Armor Center at Fort Knox, KY, and
President of the National Executive Council of the Blackhorse
Association, presented David with the special $1, 000
Blackhorse Scholarship as members of the 2nd
Squadron’s Eaglehorse Chapter, both officers and men, viewed
The Regimental Commander had earlier accepted the
scholarship award from MG McEnery during the National
Association’s 7th Annual Reunion held at Fort Knox
last spring for presentation to David.
Upon presenting the award to the bright eyed fourth grader,
COL Ballantyne explained some of the objectives of the
Association which was formed in 1968 at Fort Knox. ”The
Association’s ongoing objective is to continually strengthen
and expand its ability to provide financial assistance to
children of deceased members of the Regiment and foster those
friendships which have begun through mutual service within the
Regiment,“ explained the Regimental Commander.
The colonel added, “this year was the first time that the
Association was able to present two $1, 000 scholarships.
David Hogan, son of the late SSG Darrel Hogan, was the
recipient of the regular $1, 000 Blackhorse scholarship.“
Being the center of attention was nothing new for David
Kellar. Last November, as NCOs of the Eaglehorse Squadron
conducted a Command Salute in honor of his late father, David
accepted the Army’s Meritorious Service Medal bestowed upon
his father posthumously. Lieutenant General ( Ret ) Robert W.
Fair, former V Corps commander, presented the medal and CSM
Clarence McCain, 2nd Squadron command sergeant
major, stood with David as the Eaglehorse NCOs passed - in -
review before them.
Following the official presentation of the scholarship
award, David and Mrs. Kellar joined the Eaglehorse troopers in
refreshments before spending the remaining portion of the day
visiting friends in the Bad Kissingen area. They departed for
their home in Neuberg the following day.
COL Ballantyne presents David with the
Blackhorse Scholarship certificate as Mrs. Sophie Kellar and LTC
Gillbreath look on. The Scholarship, worth $1000, was one of two
given by the Blackhorse Asociation this year.
After the formal presentation of the
educational gift to David, Mrs. Kellar and COL Ballantyne chat about
David as the bright - eyed youngster stares fixedly as the murals
adorning the 2nd Squadron Confrence Room.
Return to list
Vol. 2 No. 3
- Colonel Crosbie E. Saint becomes the 47th
commander of the Blackhorse at a Change of Command ceremony
held in Fulda on 15 September. Colonel Saint, commissioned
in 1958 at West Point has held a variety of command and
staff assignments in Germany, the United States and Vietnam.
He began his career as a platoon leader with the 14th
ACR in Bad Hersfeld. Colonel Ballantyne, departing RCO,
moves to the position of Deputy Community Commander,
- General Bernard W. Rogers is confirmed as the new Chief
of Staff of the U. S. Army. Among the many goals he
outlined, standardization within the Army and NATO was an
- An article reported the efforts of Regimental IG
officer, CPT Joseph L. Trebor and the local squadron IG
representatives in implementing soldier positive directives
from DA to use the full power of the unit chain of command
to solve soldier problems. CPT Michael E. Erickson received
brief mention as the IG officer in the Eaglehorse squadron.
- An article described some of the initiatives of the
Enlisted Personnel Management System.
- Colonel Ballantyne presents awards at a ceremony
honoring troopers at Fulda during final week as RCO.
- Combined Federal Campaign begins fund raising efforts in
- 8% increase in veteran’s educational benefits announced
in Washington DC.
- Command Sergeants Major Conference submits numerous
recommendations to DA to improve readiness and quality of
- Three images related to the Regimental Change of Command
ceremony in Fulda.
- Image of Fulda dining facility during Hispanic week
- Image of Colonel Ballantyne during his final awards
ceremony at Fulda.
- Image of 94th Engineer construction equipment
at Hersfeld building a new, paved hardstand.
- Image of 15th Maintenance Company mechanics
hoisting an M577 pac during REFORGER 1976.
- Image of General Bernard W. Rogers.
- Image of American Red Cross representative providing
service and support to US Army soldiers in the field.
Eaglehorse in the News
There were no images or text related to Bad Kissingen and
the Eaglehorse in this edition of the Blackhorse. Fully 50 %
of the articles appear to have been sourced from DA.
Return to list
Vol. 2 No.
- A lengthy front page feature described the educational
efforts of the Fulda MILCOM in graduating a class of 37
individuals in their High School Prep program. The majority
of graduates were from the Frankfurt American high school
although family members completing secondary education begun
in the United Sates were also present.
- Enlisted Personnel Management System examined in a
collection of Issues Answer paragraphs.
- 3/11 ACR participates in partnership weapons firing
competition with soldiers of Panzergrenadier Battalion 51 at
Rotenburg Kaserne. Several troopers win German marksmanship
- 3/11 ACR has awards ceremony at Hersfeld. SCO Dice
presents several awards.
- 1/11 ACR has awards ceremony honoring several
- 11th ACR has awards ceremony noting
significant contributions of troopers ranging from safe
driving awards to honoring Troop B with the presentation of
the Draper Award. Article reported that this award, which
recognizes the highest performing cavalry troop company
battery in the Regiment as measure by a variety of
standards, has been won for three consecutive years by first
- First Squadron mess wins V Corp Best Mess award for past
- Brief article reminds troopers that cars purchased in
Germany must pass all appropriate US safety and emission
standards or they may not be shipped during a PCS move.
- Article outlined changes to Army physical training
program to include tailoring the tests to specific physical
demands of each MOS.
- Two images of high school graduation ceremony at Fulda.
- Image of MG Wolff presenting Corp Mess award to SFC
Starr, DF senior supervisor.
- Image of RCO Saint presenting Draper Award plaque to B
Troop commander, CPT James A. Ward, Jr.
- Image of MAJ Kenneth E. Hamburger as he accepts unit
guidon as new commander of Anti Armor Helicopter Troop.
- Image of 3rd AD band playing a benefit
concert in Fulda as part of community fund raising efforts
to support local German charities organized for children’s
Eaglehorse in the News
New 2nd Squadron trooper enjoys field cooking
Field duty for most individuals brings up thoughts of mud
and dirt and generally turns them off. However, SSG Donald T.
Toon, HHT 2nd Squadron, looks forward to each and
every field training exercise.
In fact, since being assigned to the 11th Cav,
SSG Toon has spent 60 of his first 90 days in a field
environment with his “Spoon Platoon“.
A 14 year veteran of Army service as an infantryman and
now, cook, SSG Toon stated, “I’d rather be in the field. I’ve
been a foot soldier the majority of my career and I feel more
at home in a field environment.“
The Newport News, VA native, along with SSG Bernard
Dunavant of G Troop, are presently charged with running the
mess facility at Range 45, Grafenwoehr Training Area for 2nd
Squadron troops who are engaged in the annual Tank Crew
Qualification Course there.
“This is my first assignment with the 11th ACR,“
explained Toon, “and because Cav trains in a field environment
so often, the opportunities for perfecting field messing
procedures are greatly increased.“
The mess facility, which is manned by Toon and Dunavant
along with three other enlisted cooks, prepares three hot
meals daily. SSG Dunavant from Clarksville, TN has been with
the 2nd Squadron since September 1975 and sees some
improvement in the messing situation in his second Graf with
“One good thing about the equipment supplied by the 7th
Army Training Center at Graf in the mess facility area is the
raised wooden floor that comes with the mess tent, “commented
Dunavant. “We don’t have to constantly tramp in the mud and
dirt while we’re preparing a meal and the wooden floor makes
it a little easier to maintain a sanitary environment.”
In regard to SSG Toon spending his first 60 days out of 90
in the field, his baking talents have helped immeasurably in
enhancing the morale of the troops during this Graf period.
“As a matter of fact,“ added Dunavant, “The other day, the
pastries he had prepared almost didn’t make it out of the mess
And what about the other three enlisted members of the
field “Spoon Platoon “?
“I enjoy cooking in a field environment,“ stated PFC John
Berg of H Company. Berg, who has been tagged by Toon as one of
the “original field rats,“ is a native of Evert, WA.
Bryan Rosenwirth, a PFC with H Co says, “I really enjoy
field cooking.“ A Milwaukee, Wisconsin native, Rosenworth has
been with the 2nd Squadron and the Regiment since
The other member of the “Spoon Platoon” is Sp 4 Scot
Williams from Orlando FL. Williams is assigned to Troop E and
is a four year veteran of Army service.
Williams explained, “the one thing I like most about
cooking in the field is that you don’t have a lot of people
running in and out of the mess area.“
“Preparing meals in the field is a real challenge,“ stated
SSG Toon. “As cooks, we try to insure that the meals in the
field are of the same quality as in garrison and they are
consumed in a healthy and sanitary environment. We of the ’
Spoon Platoon’ are doing just that.“
SSG Toon, a former infantryman and now
cook, enjoys cooking in the field with the "Spoon Platoon". The sign
reads,"2/11 Spoon Platoon - Best by Taste Test", and adds a little
flair to the operation of the 2nd Squadron Mess facility at Range 45
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Vol. 2 No. 5
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Vol. 2 No. 6
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Vol. 2 No. 7
- A feature article described the activities of the
Blackhorse Financial Management Office led by CPT Robert U.
Schultz, Jr. Everything in the unit comes down to dollars
and cents accounted for against an operating budget. Schultz
and a small cadre of financial specialists keep track of
what gets spent to keep the Regiment going.
- RXO James B. Taylor provided a detailed briefing for
newly arrived troopers at Downs Barracks.
- CPT Matt McKnight of RS 3 shop and Downs Community
presented three original oil paintings of Vietnam era
helicopters used by the Regiment. During the war, McKnight
had two tours with the Blackhorse and in Germany, after
moving to Community, had time to pursue his oil painting
hobby. RCO Saint accepted the paintings in behalf of the
- A major awards ceremony was held at Hersfeld with music
provided by the 3rd Infantry Division band.
- JCS Chairman Air Force General George S. Brown responded
to criticism that the military is slow to address quality of
- 31 military students completed their high school
education through a program run by Big Bend Community
College at Down Barracks.
- Mr. Clifford Alexander is introduced as the new
Secretary of the Army.
- Ten troopers from the Blackhorse graduated from the 3rd
Armor Division PNCOC course run by the division NCO Academy.
Squadron affiliations were not mentioned.
- Forty couples attended a Sweetheart Dinner at Downs
Barracks and renewed their wedding vows. Chaplain ( Major )
Donald Gorham, Regt Protestant Chaplain had organized the
Valentine’s Day affair.
- Three images of troopers from the Regimental FMO
office at work balancing the books.
- RCO Cosbie Saint in front of a Blackhorse Fasching Float
themed “Defense of Downs Barracks’ featuring troopers in
period dress of the old US West.
- SCO David Maddox, 1/11 ACR, presents a $25.00 US Savings
Bond to Kirsten Redman, winner of the Black History Month
Children’s Poster project. She is a third grader.
- Image of MG Wolff at Hersfeld Awards Ceremony.
- Image of trooper receiving High school diploma at Downs
- Three images of CPT McKnight, RCO Saint and Vietnam era
Eaglehorse in the News
There were no images or articles related to the 2/11 ACR in
this edition of the Blackhorse.
Return to list
Vol. 2 No. 8
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Vol. 2 No. 9
- Front page article described change of command
ceremonies at Fulda and Hersfeld as C & C, 1st
and 3rd Squadron recognized new commanders. The
departing and arriving SCOs respectively were: C & C
Squadron LTC Votaw, LTC Phillip C. Medenbach, 1st
Squadron LTC Maddox, LTC James B. Taylor and at Hersfeld LTC
Dice, LTC Thomas J. Haycraft. The article provide brief
biographical sketches of each officer.
- The Berlin Orientation Tour ( BOT ) program run by V
Corps to provided selected newly arrived soldiers with a
three day travel and sightseeing experience in Berlin was
detailed including first person accounts provided by
Blackhorse troopers. After taking the Duty Train from
Frankfort, the tour members are escorted by soldiers of the
Berlin Brigade for three days of sightseeing on both sides
of the German border in the divided German city.
- PFC Daniel S. Indendi, HOW 2/11 ACR, was one lucky tour
member and said, “There were many interesting and historical
sites to see in Berlin. The Russian War Memorial is located
in West Berlin, Two Russian guards stand at the Memorial
where two Russian WW II tanks sit on either side of the
site. The tanks, according to our tour guide, were
supposedly the first two tanks to enter Berlin during WWII.”
- Troopers from K Troop, 3/11 ACR participated in the
Boeselager Cup Reconnaissance competition sponsored by NATO
held at a major Bundeswehr training facility located in the
north German town of Eutin. The Blackhorse team finished in
12th place out of 24 teams, but saw the
experience as a great team building exercise and thoroughly
enjoyed meeting scouts from the France, Holland, Canada as
well as various US Army units.
- The United States Air Force introduced the new A10 “
Warthog “ tank buster to the members of the Blackhorse with
a “fly by“ of the new aircraft at Fulda. Currently, no
squadrons are assigned to Germany but as more pilots are
trained, the Air Force plans to deploy several squadrons to
- Discothèque Tipsy in Fulda, is now off limits to US
- Down Barracks library offers expanded service to the
troops with something for all to include best sellers to
current periodicals and popular music.
- 1/11 ACR is officially designated as the Blackhorse
Regiment Organizational Day winner.
- 3/11 ACR completes intense week of scout training
focusing on individual, section and squad level skills.
- An image showing the squadron level change of command
ceremony at Hersfeld featured “Old Bill“ in period costume.
- Two images respectively of new SCOs Haycraft and Taylor
as they addressed their troops.
- An image showing MAJ Hamburger and SP 4 Mike Malnerich,
both of Fulda, and their award winning oil paintings. Both
paintings will now progress to the V Corp round of community
- An image of the Fulda community library displaying
various media available for the troops.
- Two images of troopers from 3/11 ACR during intense
scout training that was recently conducted.
- Three images of Berlin scenes as encountered by troops
during a BOT visit.
Eaglehorse in the News
2nd Squadron Trooper in Sergeant Morales Club
Staff Sergeant Donald A. Forrer recently became the first
member of the Blackhorse Regiment to be selected for induction
into the V Corps Sergeant Morales Club.
The Howitzer section chief assigned to the Howitzer
Battery, 2nd Squadron, is a five year Army veteran
and has been with the Eaglehorse Squadron for 15 months.
The Sergeant Morales Club is a USAREUR sponsored program
designed to enhance noncommissioned officer professionalism.
Intended as a unique award for distinguished noncommissioned
officers whose extraordinary individual achievements merit
special recognition membership in the elite club is open to
all Corporals E 4 through Sergeants First Class, E 7.
The Sergeant Morales Club is named in recognition of an
outstanding NCO who performed duty as a squad leader for three
years with the 82nd Airborne Division. His squad
consistently placed first in the squad Army Training Tests. As
knowledge of Sergeant Morales’s leadership and management
skills spread throughout the command, many “misfits” and
rehabilitative transfers were sent to his squad to benefit
from his leadership.
Sergeant Morales made soldiers of all of them and continued
winning ATTs. Of particular note is that he had no AWOLs from
his squads during his three years.
Of Puerto Rican descent, Sergeant Morales had to overcome
many obstacles to achieve success including a limited
knowledge of the English language and no high school diploma.
(He late earned a HS diploma through the Army’s GED Program.)
For the 11th ACR, the chain of selection runs
from nomination by the troop commander to appearance before a
board of NCOs and sergeants major at the squadron sub
community level and then if selected, examination by a board
of command sergeants major and sergeants major at the
Regimental community level.
The Regimental nominee then appears before a board of
command sergeants major from units of the V Corps along with
nominees from each of the major units military communities in
the V Corps area.
“I think my selection for induction into the Sergeant
Morales Club places me a little higher, in relation to my
fellow E 6s, in the areas associated with leadership
qualities,“ explained Forrer.
“I feel greatly honored to be considered on the same level
with one of the truly outstanding NCOs to have served in the
United States Army,” continued the Gratis, Ohio resident.
The most elite NCO whose leadership qualities find
expression in the ability to train, manage and provide for the
welfare of the individual is the type of professional the
Sergeant Morales Club is looking for
Forrer has under his supervision a M109A1 155mm self
propelled howitzer, a M548 tracked ammunition carrier and
During the 1976 Battery ARTEPs, SSG Forrer’s section
received an overall score of 98 percent, the best of 24
competing batteries. He had been selected for the section
chief job only two weeks prior to the ARTEP start.
“Before I came to Bad Kissingen, I had never seen nor been
on a self propelled howitzer,“ states Forrer. “At Fort
Campbell, KY, I worked with the M 102 105 mm towed howitzer.
“I’d have to say that the squadron and battery training
program has helped tremendously in my gaining proficiency in
my MOS regarding the self propelled howitzer and its
“As for my appearance before the V Corps Sergeant Morales
Club board, I reviewed manuals on the Skill Qualification
Tests, Enlisted Personnel Management System, Army agencies and
other manuals on leadership and military bearing,“ continued
the staff sergeant.
Forrer, who has completed the NCO academy and Basic
leadership courses at Fort Campbell, the Basic Noncommissioned
Officers education System ( NCOES ) course for artillery MOSs
is now working toward his college degree He already has a half
year of college credits from the University of Maryland
Forrer and his wife, the former Janet E. Wood, have two
sons and have been prominent in community activities in the
Bad Kissingen Military Sub community.
Forrer’s advice to other NCOs? “Just that the NCO should
pay attention to the basics of leadership, and taking care of
the troops is a major portion of demonstrating leadership
ability. Always remember, mission first, people always!“
NCO Academy Honors 2/11 Cav Trooper
Spec 4 David W. Brown, G Troop 2/11 was voted the
distinguished graduate of Class # 77 11 at the 7th
Army NCO Academy at Bad Toelz recently.
Brown was awarded the “Commander in Chief, USAREUR and 7th
Army Award” and the “General George S. Patton, Jr. award for
Excellence” for his achievement.
SSG Forrer, Sergeant Morales Club
Return to list
Vol. 2 No. 10
- The feature article detailed the mission and training of
C-1/1, C Battery, 1st Battalion, 1st
Air Defense Battalion, Hawk missile, located at their TAC
site near Downs Barracks in Fulda. The unit was part of the
Fulda Military Community. The article pointed out that the
unit has dual daily responsibilities, field deployment “go
to war“ training as well as the TAC site local air defense
of the Fulda area. Mission maintenance and missiles are the
watchwords of the unit. Brief mention was given to sister
battery, A/1-1, located at Bad Kissingen.
- B Troop conducted intensive scout and mortar training
over a three day period in the Alsfeld area, north of Fulda.
Sheridan crewmen were integrated into the training, that
focused on dismounted common and scout specific skills. CPT
Don Snedeker, troop commander, reported that the training
integrated land navigation and dismounted movement into all
phases of the training, part of the “ Rock Steady “ training
- Two articles recalled a major awards ceremony and formal
retreat at Hersfeld that recognized outstanding troopers of
all grades and, two new troop commanders received their
guidons. Green tabs were pinned to: CPT Michael Kobbe, HHT
and CPT Michael L. McNulty, I Troop. At Fulda, 1Lt James H,
Hairston took command of HHT Regiment.
- C & C Squadron conducted an awards and promotion
- RCSM Charles E. Cowan briefly reported on the many
varied duties and responsibilities that young NCOs need to
- Two images of Hawk missile crewmen performing
maintenance on their weapons system.
- An image of the Blackhorse Honor Guard in parade to
honor the departing Soviet Army General E. F. Ivonovsky as
he crossed to the DDR at the Herleshausen Crossing Point
following a visit with General George Blanchard, CINCUSAREUR
& 7th Army.
- An image of an A10 in low fly by at Fulda Army Field.
- An image of LTG Sidney Berry in conversation with 1/11
SCO LTC James Taylor during a recent visit to Downs
- An image of M113 maintenance at Downs Barracks.
- An image of SCO Taylor at the re enlistment ceremony of
MSG Judge Kemp conducted at Wildflecken.
- An image of an Air Troop Cobra helicopter firing 2.75
inch rockets at WTA.
- Four images of Troop B soldiers during “Rock Steady“
Eaglehorse in the News
Ice Cream Van doing Business at Daley Barracks
Ice cream! Popsicles! Fudgesicles! Get’ em right he’ah!!
Those are the cries echoing in and around Daley Barracks in
Bad Kissingen from the dependent Youth Association’s ( DYA )
“new“ ice cream van.
Actually, the ice cream van is not very “new” at all but
the idea of having a van running a daily ice cream schedule
The van, donated to the DYA by the troopers of the 2nd
Squadron was “bought from the Daley Barracks NCO Club” during
an auction they conducted according to CSM John M. Stephens,
“We pooled our personal resources, bought the van for $20,
fixed it up and cleaned it out,” added the sergeant major. “We
then installed the coolers on the inside for the frozen
treats.” SGT Paul Dame, a member of the Squadron S 4 section,
painted pictures of well known cartoon characters around the
body of the van during his off duty time.
“Some of the personnel assigned to the squadron maintenance
section got the vehicle in good running condition,” explained
The initial stock of ice cream supplies was donated to the
DYA by the Eaglehorse Squadron Troopers.
The van was officially presented to the youth activity by
LTC John C. Gilbreath, Eaglehorse Squadron commander.
LTC Gilbreath cut the ceremonial tape before presenting the
keys to the van to CPT Danny J. Beasley, custodian of the Bad
Kissingen Military Sub Community DYA.
Stated Beasley, “The Daley Barracks ice cream van will be
operated by DYA personnel. Right now, we’ll only use it for
special occasions until we work out a regular run schedule.”
CPT John P. Carter, commander of H Co. and director of the
DYA council, was on hand to give out the first ice cream sold
from the van to some 30 little children and 10 not so little
“This is the first time, in my recollection, that an
activity of this sort has been undertaken at Daley Barracks,”
stated Stephens. “I think it will be self supporting.”
When asked what he thought of the DYA ice cream van, little
Shaune Griffin, 10, replied, “I think it’s great, ‘Cause when
it’s hot outside, people want ice cream. Now we’ve got it.”
Just like the “Good Humor Man.”
Some of the children of the Bad
Kissingen community slurp on popsicles while others wait in line for
their cold treats.
CPT John Carter gives out the first
ice cream from the Daley Barracks ice cream van.
Return to list
Vol. 2 No. 11
- The front page article recalled the joint rifle and
pistol shoot held at Hersfeld’s Combat Training Theater.
Participating were members of the Command and Control
Squadron and members of the Bundeswehr military reserve from
Fulda and nearby towns. In a very close competition, the
German reservists won the team marksmanship title; an
informal dinner and beer break occurred that evening.
- Two K Troop NCOs, SGTs Harry Griffith and Bruce Oakes
had the idea to create and locally fabricate a significant
improvement to the Stout Device, used in laser based mini
tank range training for M551 Sheridan. Troop commander, CPT
William Marshall, provided the money and for about forty
dollars and a few hours of shop time, home station gunnery
training improved significantly. The device compensates for
some of the Stout deficiencies and provides the gunner with
a more realistic range fan and display.
- A selection of brief trooper quotations was printed as
members of the Blackhorse responded to the question, “What
are your feelings on having an Annual Tank Gunnery exercise
- Sp 4 Robin Rhodes, Troop E, responded, “I’d like to see
them upgrade the local training facilities to make them
equivalent to Graf, thus ending the necessity of a trip to
- During a thirty day period spanning July to mid August,
five Special Courts Martial were held at Downs Barracks.
Unnamed troopers were punished for various offenses ranging
from AWOL to Communicating a Threat and Assault to
Possession of a Controlled Substance.
- Downs Barracks Class VI Store wins “Best in USAREUR”
- Major Allen S. Rossow, RS 2, reenlisted SGT Robert R.
McCord, a member of the Regimental Border Operations staff,
in a border side ceremony.
- MSG Franklin Morris, Regimental Food Service Advisor,
won several awards at a USAREUR competition held at Giessen,
sponsored by the Association of Military Chefs. Morris won a
gold medal award for his Mickey Mouse cake.
- Monthly regimental reenlistment quotas were met for both
first term and career category troopers.
- Fulda Military Community DYA boy’s baseball and girl’s
softball teams were honored with a banquet in recognition of
their respective outstanding seasons.
- RCO Saint was on hand as fifteen troopers and five
civilians received high school diplomas in a ceremony at
- Three images of troopers and members of the Bundeswehr
firing at indoor range at Hersfeld supported the feature
- An image of 3/11 ACR troopers as they inspect their
“new” club, the former Rod and Gun Club at Hersfeld.
- An image of MSG Morris’ winning Mickey Mouse cake, an
image of RCO Saint at a Best Mess award ceremony at Hersfeld
and an image of MAJ Rossow and SGT McCord on the border
supported brief articles.
- Two images of the locally fabricated “GO” device that
improves training with the M551 Stout Device gunnery
training system. The “GO” was designed by troopers from
Eaglehorse in the News
There were no images of articles recalling squadron or
community events related to the Eaglehorse and Daley Barracks
in this issue.
Return to list
Vol. 2 No. 12
This issue was devoted to the 1977 annual tank gunnery
exercise at GTA conducted 6 Sept. thru 8 October, 1977. There
were no significant articles, the topic was primarily covered
by photographs, only one image was attributed as showing
The Yard Focus segment asked the question, “What are your
thoughts on the new battle drill exercise on Range 79?”. The
responses of eleven troopers were printed, including four
comments by 2/11 ACR soldiers.
“They should have given us some kind of training prior to
going down Range 79 to ready us for it. Also they gave us too
much machine gun ammo and not enough main gun ammo.”
Sp 4 Richard E. Elkins
“For tankers and scouts, it was good, I fired mortar
illumination. I think they could have given us more rounds to
Sp 4 Paul DeShon
“It seems that there was very little planning involved, If
people’s commo went out, they would go ahead and run them
through the course anyway. The illumination wasn’t any good at
all. If you didn’t have illumination that was just too bad,
you went ahead and fired.”
Sp 4 Paul Goodfellow
“I think there could have been more pop up and hard
targets. There weren’t enough targets to hit in the short
amount of time we had to fire. Some of the ammo had to be off
- loaded and we should be able to fire it all up.”
PFC Charles V. Kallal
- A German construction firm has completed work on the new
Quick Reaction Site - ammunition point supporting the 1st
Squadron at Downs Barracks.
- During Sept., two Special Courts Martial were convened
at Fulda, troopers received sentences including Bad Conduct
Discharge for various drug and discipline related offenses.
Images related to tank gunnery at GTA included: an image of
M Company rail loading at Hersfeld, bore sight briefing for
Troop B tankers, 1/11 ACR GTA ammo point, M Company M60A1 on
range, Cobra gunship engages targets, Friends and Company USO
Show singers entertain troopers with musical revue, Sheridan
from Troop B on GTA hardstand, Cobra gunship pops up on Range
79, B Troop soldiers enjoy a pick - up basketball game during
off moments, mortarmen ready their equipment in support of
range firing, Troop L soldiers board German rail cars at end
of training and D Company conducts 100 equipment inventory at
Downs Barracks after return.
Eaglehorse in the News
Re - Up Award to 2nd Squadron
The Regimental Commander’s Quarterly Reenlistment Trophy
was awarded to the Eaglehorse Squadron recently for their
efforts during the 3rd Quarter, FY 77.
Second Squadron exceeded its objectives for both careerists
and first termers during the period.
Seventeen first termers reenlisted during the period
against an objective of 15 (113%), while ten careerists took
the oath again against an objective of 6 (167%). The
Eaglehorse Squadron finished the quarter with an reenlistment
attainment percentage of 128% for the two categories combined.
E Troop arrives at GTA railhead.